Digital reference is not just reference interviews online. The main difference is the production of a â??reference artifact.â?? In face-to-face reference, work must be done to retain the transaction (it must be recorded, or written down…action must occur), whereas in digital reference the opposite is true (the e-mail must be deleted, the database purged). This may seem like a small difference at first, but it is critical. With recorded transactions knowledge bases can be created, pathfinders authored, training can occur with real data, etc. This use of digital reference output is called reference authoring. This presentation will explore reference authoring, the use of induction and complexity research to manage knowledge created through reference authoring and the increasing intersection between reference and information retrieval.